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Safety Free

At Risk (@ Risk) uses Monte Carlo simulation to assess the impacts of risk decisions and determining all possible outcomes to a model for risk analysis. The techniques in an @Risk analysis encompass four steps: (1) Developing a Model – by defining a problem or situation in Excel spreadsheet format, (2) Identifying Uncertainty – in variables in Excel spreadsheets and specifying their possible values with probability distributions, and identifying the uncertain spreadsheet results that are to be analyzed, (3) Analyzing the Model with Simulation – to determine the range and probabilities of all possible outcomes for the results of the worksheet, and (4) Making a Decision – based on the results provided and personal preferences. @Risk is primarily used for assessing financial risk, but can be applied to system design and situations with uncertain outcomes.

HF Engineering Habitability Safety Free Validated

The 3D Static Strength Prediction Program (3D SSPP) predicts human static strength requirements of manual material-handling tasks. 3D SSPP software predicts static strength requirements for tasks such as lifts, presses, pushes, and pulls. The program provides an approximate job simulation that includes posture data, force parameters and male/ female anthropometry. Output includes the percentage of men and women who have the strength to perform the described job, spinal compression forces, and data comparisons to NIOSH guidelines. The user can analyze torso twists and bends and make complex hand force entries. Analysis is aided by an automatic posture generation feature and three-dimensional human graphic illustrations. 3D SSPP can be used as an aid in the evaluation of the physical demands of a prescribed job. Furthermore, the 3D SSPP can aid the analyst in evaluating proposed workplace designs and redesigns prior to the actual construction or reconstruction of the workplace or task. The program is applicable to worker motions in three dimensional space. 3D SSPP is most useful in the analysis of the “slow” movements used in heavy materials handling tasks since the biomechanical computations assume that the effects of acceleration and momentum are negligible. Such tasks can be evaluated best by breaking the activity down into a sequence of static postures and analyzing each individual posture. The 3D SSPP assumes the analyst understands the application of the NIOSH design and upper limit criteria for strength and disc compression forces.

Manpower HF Engineering

ADAPTER assists researchers in creating and implementing models that support research on performance and the development of augmentation strategies. It provides a framework that flexibly integrates sensors and fuses sensor data to assess human state, such as cognitive workload or stress, and performance.ADAPTER includes:A Data Fusion Tool that can flexibly integrate data from current and emerging sensorsA Model Builder Tool to create models that support research on performance A Model Execution Tool that implements those models on the fused dataAn Intelligent Researcher Interface to set up and monitor experiments as they unfold and see the modeled human state in real time or replay the experimental data through new models post hoc.

Personnel Training HF Engineering Free Validated

ACT-R is a “hybrid” cognitive architecture that aspires to provide an integrated account of many aspects of human cognition. Running a model automatically produces a step-by-step simulation of human behavior which specifies each individual cognitive operation (i.e., memory encoding and retrieval, visual and auditory encoding, motor programming and execution, mental imagery manipulation). Each step is associated with quantitative predictions of latencies and accuracies.

Training

ADVISOR Enterprise is software tool to support training needs analysis, design, and resource management. It simplifies and speeds training needs analysis, forecasts and optimizes training resources, improves resource allocation and generates audit trail to support recommendations. It helps organizations manage training budgets and resources from a central location as well as identify ways to run training programs more effectively and economically. ADVISOR Enterprise is made up of the following 5 modules that can be used separately or in combination: 1) Training Analysis: To find out "who needs to be trained, on what and why", 2) Training Design: To find out “what is the most effective and efficient training option”, 3) Resource Management: To find out “how much money and resources are needed”, 4) Project Management: To “keep projects on-time and within budget”, and 5) Performance Analysis: To find out whether “training is driving performance and other interventions needed”.

Safety Survivability

The Airsweb AVA Risk Management Template provides a structured approach to managing quantitative and qualitative risk assessments. This module enables an organisation to understand hazards, develop controls, assign actions and share templates and assessments to mitigate risk on a company-wide basis. • Best practice templates for people, task, environmental and process based risk assessments • User-definable hierarchy of controls e.g. elimination, substitution, separation • User-definable Hazard and Control tree • 7 stage COSHH Risk Assessment template • Risk register to identify the most popular hazards e.g. top 5, top 10 • Ability to clone Risk Assessments and notify updates to the Master Risk Assessment • Configurable pre and post control Risk ratings • Risk Assessment review dates based on severity rating • Automated email handshake to confirm Risk Assessments received and read by the intended recipient

HF Engineering Safety Survivability

The Airsweb AVA Incident Management module provides software tools to capture, manage and investigate incidents at the operational level and report on EHS incident performance at the executive level. It allows companies to manage incident risk and compliance using data capture screens, structured workflow processes, integrated action tracking/notifications/escalation and reporting and analytics tools. By capturing incident management information at all levels of the organisation in real-time the software highlights trends and route causes that will enable the analyst to drive behavioural and cultural change. • Record and manage any incident at any location at any time e.g. accident, damage, security, near miss • Identify underlying root causes using the Why-Tree approach • Ensure regulatory compliance with RIDDOR/OSHA reporting • Notify and escalate incidents to the appropriate management level based on severity • Implement and manage Corrective and Preventive Action tracking (CAPA) • Search for similar events to establish patterns and underlying causes • Integrate with third party systems to eliminate dual keying e.g. SAP, Active Directory • Track leading and lagging indicators through reporting, dashboard and analytics tools • View real-time performance summaries at all levels of the organisation hierarchy • Provide remote, off-line logging of events through the fully integrated mobile app • Develop a knowledge base for shared learning

HF Engineering

Altia DeepScreen is a graphic code generator that converts Altia Design graphical prototypes into working code.

HF Engineering

Altia Design is a graphical user interface (GUI) editor that allows users to import, create, and manipulate custom objects. The objects can be connected to application code or simulations to create a functionally complete, fully integrated GUI model. It is possible for users to test the prototype to identify areas for improvement, and then to prepare for implementation into software. Altia Design lets users build professional-looking functioning prototypes without hand coding the graphical elements. It lets users deliver the GUI model to customers and marketing personnel for interaction and feedback. It lets users implement feedback quickly, to improve the funcationality and user experience.

HF Engineering

Altia PhotoProto provides the capability to convert graphics developed in Adobe Photoshop into interactive prototypes. The user identifies the relevant images in the Photoshop file, and assigns appropriate behaviors.

Training HF Engineering

A-Measure is a suite of three tools that can be used to support human performance measurement and assessment. The tools can be used individually or together. PM Engine provides the capability to take in different types of human performance data (e.g., neurological, physiological, simulator data, communications) and fuse it into a single data model. SPOTLITE is an application (app) installed on a hand-held data collection device for real-time assessment of team and individual performance in live and simulated environments. SPOTLITE allows users to make video recordings of individuals and teams during live and simulated training exercises. It provides a touch screen through which instructors or researchers can record video, make real-time ratings, and tag trainee or participant performance. These recordings can the be used for after-action reviews and feedback to participants. The Performance Dashboard provides techniques for visualizing data, either during the scenario or afterwards. These tools can be used for training or human factors engineering assessments, and they would be used only when a detailed design is in place.

HF Engineering Safety

Analytica is an analysis tool that provides quantitative assessments and visualizations of relationships among influencing factors. Users develop high level "influence" models to identify the relationships among factors. They input specific parameters or distributions and uncertainty, and they specify the relationships among the parameters. Analytica then calculates probability distributions of particular outcomes. Users can perform sensitivity analyses to identify those factors that - if changed - will have the greatest impact on results. Analytica is typically used for financial type predictions, but can (and has been) used for risk assessements and for modeling different task sequences to see which options provide for most reliable systems or fastest completion times. It can be used early (at a conceptual phase) in a design process, but will provide more accurate models and results as system designs are more definite.

Manpower HF Engineering

Arena is a discrete event simulation tool. It is used to model complex processes to identify methods for improved productivity and efficiency. One typical use case is for modeling and evaluating manufacturing processes. Users work with Arena to first identify the problem they want to address, and develop a functional specification to describe the processes related to this challenge. This includes specifying the input variables and defining output variables that will be monitored and evaluated to rate the success of the possible solutions. Once the problem is identified and the functional specification completed, the Arena simulation model of the process can be built. Arena’s flowchart modeling methodology provides an intuitive way to model any process without the need for customized code or programming. Once the model is built and validated against actual operating data, it can be used to evaluate process changes, variations in market factors, or resources and equipment requirements quickly and easily. Arena can be used to identify ways to design processes and layouts so they better support human performance. It can also be used to identify how changes to a process can affect the number of personnel required.

Safety Survivability Validated

The Articulated Total Body (ATB) Model is used to predict human body response in various dynamic environments, especially automobile crash and aircraft ejection with windblast exposure. The ATB Model originated from the Crash Victim Simulation (CVS) program. Aerodynamic force application and a harness belt capability were added to the CVS program by Calspan Corporation in 1975 for AFRL (3), and the resulting program became known as the ATB Model. The model was updated to simulate aircraft ejection with windblast exposure, as well as complex automobile accidents. The ATB-V Model (1998) introduced three new simulation tools: water force simulation, joint actuators, and deformable segments. This tool was developed and used in the late 1990s. It is still available, but has been superceded by MADYMO.

Safety Free Validated

Modern weapons and a broad spectrum of industrial machinery produce intense acoustic impulses that can make them unsafe, limit their use, or restrict their design. Recent studies indicate that all current noise exposure standards and design guidelines for impulse generating weapons are seriously in error. To overcome these limitations, ARL's Human Research and Engineering Directorate (HRED) developed a mathematical model of the human auditory system that predicts the hazard from any free-field pressure and provides a visual display of the damage process as it is occurring. The model is a powerful design tool that shows the specific parts of the waveform that need to be addressed in machinery and weapon design. This unique model is the only method of assessing noise hazard for the entire range of impulses that are relevant to the Army. The model has the potential to serve as an international design standard for weapons and to provide damage or risk criteria for intense impulses of industrial origin.

HF Engineering Validated

The Automated Guidance Assessment Tool (AGAT) evaluates a design in terms of the workstation layout, the location of displays and controls, the spacing of controls, and other human factors considerations. The tool requires users to identify use cases and specify in detail the design of a workstation and intended interactions. The tool provides assessments of overall design quality, and identifies specific design concerns (e.g., important or frequently used display and control pairs are located far apart from each other) and recommendations.

HF Engineering Validated

The Automation Design Advisor Tool (ADAT) assesses the quality of flight deck automation (in particular, the Flight Management System) in terms of its predicted effects on pilot performance. The ADAT user provides information about the intended design, including the layout of displays and controls, the sequence and frequency of control actions, and the types of information displayed. ADAT users also provide information on modes of operations (number of modes, conditions that trigger a mode change, how a mode change is presented to a pilot, interactions or couplings that exist between modes) which ADAT uses to assess predicted complexity. ADAT then provides stoplight-status indicators (red, yellow, green) for a variety of design issues. For any concerns (yellow or red results), ADAT provides the user with 1) a list of specific concerns (not just "what" but also "why"), and 2) access to research and guidance that explain the concern or provide recommendations for resolving it. ADAT has also been used to evaluate locomotive cab automation design.

HF Engineering Validated

The Automation Design and Evaluation Prototyping Toolset (ADEPT) provides a rapid prototyping environment in which a designer can build a graphical user interface (GUI), assign functionality to the components (via the Logic Editor), and perform detailed logic and usability assessments with the prototype. The tool has been used to perform human-automation interaction assessments for flight deck applications, and could be applied to other domains.

Manpower HF Engineering

Autonomous Vehicle Operator Span of Control Evaluation Tool (AVOSCET) is a trade-off analysis tool specifically designed to help analysts determine how many autonomous systems an operator or a crew can control under a variety of conditions. Users input characteristics of the autonomous vehicles to be controlled, the number of vehicles and their level of autonomy, and mission complexity factors (e.g., terrain, enemy threat, population density). Based on the user inputs, AVOSCET develops a task network model of the mission. It runs this model, and generates a set of reports, including: predicted operator workload throughout the scenario, vehicle wait times, percentage of time the vehicles were run in autonomous mode, as well as other mission performance parameters. Results are presented in tabular and graphical format.

HF Engineering Safety Free Validated

The Aviation Safety Data Mining Workbench is a collection of tools to help air safety officers analyze available safety data. It is particularly complementary to other tools often employed, such as incident tracking systems or capabilities to share or exchange data with others. The primary goal of the workbench is to find subtle patterns in the incident reports, which are indicators of safety risks before these risks lead to accidents. Because even simple tools like query capabilities and histograms can help focus the intensive data mining efforts, the workbench has a wide range of capabilities. These include the ability to load a set of incidents, select a subset for further analysis, produce some simple reports, and provide data for some more complex analysis. Additionally, three data mining techniques are currently incorporated into the tool. These techniques are automated to help the air safety officer efficiently conduct difficult or resource-intensive analyses . The first data mining technique is called FindSimilar. It searches a collection of incidents (using structured and text fields) to find those most similar to a selected incident. This is useful to determine if similar incidents have occurred before, and if so, how were they addressed. The second technique is called FindAssociations. This technique searches the collection of incidents to find subsets that have an interesting correlation. For example, this tool can identify incidents that share a common location and incident type. Knowing that such an association exists between incident types, locations, and aircraft may help in determining what action to take to reduce or eliminate those incidents in the future. The third technique is called FindDistributions. This technique focuses on a selected field or attribute of the incidents. It first determines an overall distribution for this field. Subsets of the data are then obtained and the distribution of the selected field is calculated for each subset. Those subsets that differ most from the overall distribution are identified as the most interesting. This technique helps in identifying anomalies that may be candidates for action.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety Survivability Validated

BEAT provides a single toolkit to collect and analyze physiological data from wearable, standoff, and passive sensors for use in research, training, and operations. A variety of existing human state classifiers including stress, engagement, fatigue, and pain comprise the current BEAT portfolio with additional classifiers in development. A key component of BEAT is the Operational Stress Index (OSI), a patented, scientifically validated measure of physiological vital signs and stress. The OSI is sensor agnostic, and has been tested in operational and training environments with wrist-worn sensors, chest-straps, garment-based sensors, and non-contact (infrared) sensors. OSI and vital sign data is transmitted wirelessly to a mobile device, allowing for alerts and prediction of user physiological, informed decision making, and ultimately, improved performance.

HF Engineering

BREAK Production Break Analysis Tools software evaluates the costs associated with discontinuities in manufacturing. These discontinuities in production are typical in reality, but are not well accounted for in cost estimating approaches. BREAK helps an analyst to address the costs associated with temporary shut down and restart, or with moving production to a different line.

HF Engineering Free

CA App Experience Analytics is intended to support the User Experience professional. It provides a way to monitor and collect app usage data. It allows users to analyze and fix apps "on the fly." CA App Experience Analytics includes app performance management, developer analytics and usage analytics for Web, mobile and wearable apps, in a single, integrated package. CA App Experience Analytics helps app developers visualize, investigate, manage, and support user interactions with their apps. CA App Experience Analytics provides deep insights into the performance, user experience, crash, and log analytics of apps. It is also aimed to help enterprises understand the experience of mobile app users across the DevOps application lifecycle. Enterprises can accelerate the delivery of user-experience-focused mobile applications and can achieve faster time to market by continuous application delivery while ensuring robust security.

HF Engineering Free Validated

The Chunk Hierarchy and REtrieval Structures (CHREST) is a cognitive architecture that models human perception, learning, memory, and problem solving. Influenced by the earlier EPAM model, it originated from modeling work on chess expertise. CHREST combines low-level aspects of cognition (e.g., mechanisms monitoring information in short-term memory) with high-level aspects of cognition (e.g., use of strategies). It consists of perception facilities for interacting with the external world, short-term memory stores (in particular, visual and verbal memory stores), a long-term memory store, and associated mechanisms for problem solving. Short-term memory in CHREST contains references to chunks held in long-term memory, which are recognised through the discrimination network from information acquired by the perception system. CHREST has been used to closely simulate phenomena in several domains, including chess expertise, memory for computer programs, the use of multiple representations in physics, verbal learning, concept formation, children's acquisition of vocabulary and children's acquisition of syntactic categories in four different languages.

HF Engineering Free Validated

The Clarion cognitive architecture project aims to investigate the fundamental structures of the human mind by synthesizing many intellectual ideas into a unified, coherent model of cognition. In particular, the goal is to explore the interaction of implicit and explicit cognition, emphasizing bottom-up learning (i.e., learning that involves first acquiring implicit knowledge and then acquiring explicit knowledge on its basis). The research is directed at forming a (generic) cognitive architecture that captures various cognitive processes with the ultimate goal of providing unified explanations for a wide range of cognitive phenomenon. The current objectives of this project are two-fold: 1.Developing artificial agents in certain cognitive task domains 2.Understanding human decision-making, learning, reasoning, motivation, and meta-cognition in other domains. The Clarion cognitive architecture project is headed by Professor Ron Sun and has been supported by such agencies as ONR, ARI, and others. It is available for download and tutorials are available.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety Survivability

CobiDyn has the capability to animate 3D volumetric meshes with internal anatomy (FE meshes / avatars). Avatar meshes can be scaled anthropometrically using body measurements such as height, weight, and waist and chest circumference. This generates a personalized avatar. Equipment tetrahedral meshes can be attached (drag and drop) to the avatar. A motion path can be prescribed and the avatar will follow this path with specified motions from a motion database. The motion for that specific anthropometry as well as the avatar tetrahedral mesh can be exported at different time points during the motion trajectory. These can be used for further analysis and simulation, such as medical, physiological, and biomechanical. In summary, our product produces medically realistic virtual avatars applications such as training, rehabilitation, equipment design, and mission planning. The software is available as standalone C++ APIs, a user friendly GUI, as well as Matlab and Unity interfaces.

Personnel HF Engineering Validated

CogGauge is a portable hand-held gaming application designed to assess the cognitive readiness of operators, with specific focus on identifying and diagnosing potential cognitive decrements. CogGauge was initially developed for NASA with the objective of creating a cognitive assessment tool for astronauts who operate spacecraft and complex systems in an extreme environment.

HF Engineering Free Validated

CogTool is a general purpose user interface (UI) prototyping tool that evaluates a design with a predictive human performance model. CogTool can be used to assess a current interface design and provide a baseline, and it can be used to evaluate modified interfaces and predict the effectiveness of design changes. To use Cogtool, a user creates a storyboard of the design idea with sketches, images or on a canvas with CogTool's widgets. The user then demonstrates tasks on that storyboard (e.g., pointing and clicking at different components), then press a button to produce a valid cognitive model predicting how long it will take a skilled user to complete those tasks. The psychological theory that underlies CogTool's predictions of skilled execution time is called the Keystroke-Level Model (KLM), created by Stu Card, Tom Moran and Allen Newell in the 1980s and validated through decades of research and documented in over 100 research publications. The predictions can be trusted to be within 20% of empirical findings with trained and skilled users.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Free

The Command, Control, and Communication Techniques for Reliable Assessment of Concept Execution (C3TRACE) tool predicts the effects of different personnel configurations and information technology on human and overall system performance. Within C3TRACE, any organization, the people assigned to that organization, and the tasks and functions they will perform can be easily represented. Communications within and outside of the organization are represented as information that will be used by the modeled operators to develop an understanding of a given situation and to make decisions. C3TRACE users input data such as expected task times and information quality on which tactical decisions can be based. C3TRACE predicts operator situational awareness (SA) at the time of a decision and workload levels. In order to establish an accurate assessment of what decisions are being made, an ‘Information Driven Decision Making’ architecture was developed and embedded into C3TRACE. An operator’s decision under this scheme is a function of the current level of information accuracy. The information accuracy level is used to account for which operator knew what elements of information and ‘how fresh’ that information may be to the operator. This information quality score is used to compute the probability of a good decision for the operator performing a decision task.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety

CORE is a requirements management tool applied to engineering design. CORE allows analysts to: 1) integrate requirements management to ensure that customer needs are captured accurately, 2) identify system functionality, complete system behavior analysis, and simulate system performance, 3) develop and trace system architecture from system to subsystems and component levels, 4) provide traceability from system design to Validation and Verification plans and procedures, and 5) automatically produce system design documentation directly from the design repository to support team and customer review of the design progress.

HF Engineering

CREATE is a virtual reality tool that allows users to build virtual models of control rooms or control suites and perform a guideline-based verification of ergonomic issues (distances, line of sight, view cones, viewing angles, text size/distance ratios, and reach). CREATE is designed to support the interactive design of a room or environment layout. A drag-and-drop user interface includes 3D tools that support the rapid design and construction of layout prototypes. The software can maintain associations among objects in the environment (e.g., a lamp or telephone on a particular table) so that these object groups can be readily moved around and visualized in the virtual environment. CREATE supports the development of reports that describe the adherence to standards, and provide explanations (and screenshots) of any discrepant factors.

HF Engineering

Crew Station Design Tool (CSDT) allows designers to visualize and optimize their choices of controls and displays, and the position of those elements in a workstation. CSDT determines the optimal layout of a workstation based on ergonomic principles. Using the results of a task analysis as its foundation, CSDT helps designers select the most appropriate control for a task and builds a task network model of the activities performed in their desired workstation. Once executed, the task network model identifies operator-task conflicts and provides frequency-of-use data for each control and display.

HF Engineering

CURV1 Learning Curve Application Tools is a cost estimating program that considers the time required from starting a new process until "full proficiency" is achieved. It is aimed at identifying the costs associated with learning or setting up new process.

Personnel HF Engineering Habitability Safety

DELMIA offers manikin-based software tools for ergonomic evaluations as part of a larger softward suite of tools. These tools can be used to assess equipment design and working conditions to ensure compliance with ergonomic standards. Using lifelike manikins, ergonomics specialists can evaluate ergonomics and human factors considerations in virtual design, manufacturing, and maintainability. DELMIA allows users to develop manikins of customized sizes, with varying reach and range of motion capabilities. Users can modify any of the 103 variables that define the manikin’s anthropometry to make it specific to a person or population. Joint range of motion limits can be defined to examine movement restrictions in a variety of situations, including limitations for workers with special requirements.

Training HF Engineering Habitability Survivability

DI-Guy is a tool for adding life-like human characters, people, to real-time simulations. It lets an analyst rapidly populate scenarios with people who move realistically, go in and out of buildings, and travel throughout the terrain. DI-Guy can be used for ground and urban combat, mission planning, flight deck training, law enforcement and first responder training, site security planning, architectural visualization, driving simulators, marketing, driving simulators, and many other applications. These animations are often used for training, but they could also be used for assessing / predicting performance in different (disaster) situations - thus helping in designing, e.g., sufficient escape routes. There are 6 different variations available: DI-Guy AI – Complete artificial intelligence (AI) solution for controlling humans and other virtual entities DI-Guy Scenario – A point-and-click application for quickly generating compelling human performance DI-Guy Expressive Faces – Facial animation for realistic, up-close 3D human simulation DI-Guy Software Development Toolkit (SDK) – Add realistic human characters to 3D graphical applications DI-Guy for Unity Game Engine – Add Human Characters to Unity games DI-Guy Motion Editor – Add and extend motion behaviors for DI-Guy SDK and DI-Guy Scenario

HF Engineering Free Validated

Emergent is a comprehensive neural network simulator that enables the creation and analysis of complex, sophisticated models of the brain in the world. It includes a full browser and 3D GUI for constructing, visualizing, & interacting. It uses the C++ scripting language, and includes a GUI Programming environment (IDE) to provide transparent access to C++. It offers rich, dynamic, embodied environments for training networks, including a data table for network inputs and data processing, analysis, generation (filtering, grouping, sorting, dimensionality reduction, graphing, etc). It includes Newtonian physics simulator for robotics simulations, e.g., a biophysically realistic human arm, and realistic embodied, dynamic vision. It offers sensory filtering for vision and audition, and vocal-tract speech. This is another modeling tool that takes a different (not classical human factors) approach to simulating human perception and behavior.

Habitability Safety Validated

The Energy Expenditure Prediction Program (EEPP) is a software tool to estimate energy expenditure rates for materials handling tasks to help assure worker safety and health. EEPP is based on the assumption that a job can be divided into simple tasks (activity elements) and that the average metabolic energy rate of the job can be predicted by knowing the energy expenditure of the simple tasks and the time duration of the task. The EEPP software is more accurate than selecting values from a standard table and is more feasible and less costly than laboratory techniques involving measurement of oxygen consumption. It is useful in designing new jobs, comparing one job to another, and improving an existing job by identifying the particular tasks that require excess energy expenditure. The EEPP software provides an objective rate to gauge fatigue which can also be compared with NIOSH guidelines.

Manpower HF Engineering

The Engineering Control Analysis Tool (ECAT) allows developers to mock up interface designs and create scenario events to explore user interaction issues. These can include the time to complete tasks, the workload experienced by the operator, and the potential for human error associated with the tasks. In addition, ECAT users can investigate system failures, including the associated alerts or indications and the subsequent operator actions that can lead to a successful recovery of the system.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety

With built-in requirements management capabilities, Enterprise Architect helps users to trace high-level specifications to analysis, design, implementation, test and maintenance models using UML, SysML, BPMN and other open standards. Enterprise Architect is a multi-user, graphical tool designed to help teams build robust and maintainable systems. Enterprise Architect also provides the capability to run dynamic simulations, and to produce process flow visualizations.

HF Engineering Habitability Safety

ErgoFellow software has 17 ergonomic tools to evaluate and improve workplaces conditions, in order to reduce occupational risks and increase productivity. Many of these are ergonomic tools offered in other software products. While all 17 tools are available with a single purchase, these are described in three separate rows. • Calculation of Force - a tool for calculating force based on mass (in kilograms) of the object being lifted, and whether the object is lifted, pulled or pushed horizontally, OR pulled or pushed on an incline plane. • PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) - presents a simplified sketch of a human. The user clicks on a body part to access information about PPE for that body part. • Heat Stress - Calculates Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT) when the user inputs Natural Wet Bulb (NWB) and Globe Temperature (GT) [and Dry Bulb (DB) if there is s solar load]. • Noise Exposure (OSHA) - the user inputs the sound level in decibels, and the tool provides the allowable duration, assuming the sound level is constant across the shift. • Typing Evaluation - a tool for keeping data on individual worker keys per hour and maximum keys per hour.

HF Engineering Habitability Safety Validated

ErgoFellow software has 17 ergonomic tools to evaluate and improve workplaces conditions, in order to reduce occupational risks and increase productivity. Many of these are ergonomic tools offered in other software products. While all 17 tools are available with a single purchase, these are described in three separate rows. • Discomfort Questionnaire - a tool for developing maps of discomfort in 27 different body regions, and the development of discomfort over time. • QEC (Quick Exposure Check) - assesses musculoskeletal risks of the back, shoulders and arms, hands and wrists, and neck before and after an ergonomic intervention. • Lehmann - calculates the metabolism of workers based on body position, a description of the work, and duration of the work. • Image Analysis - a tool for measuring distances and angles based on an image (photo) file. • Video Analysis - a tool for adding video files. (no further info provided) • Anthropometry - a tool for inputting anthropometric (standing and seated) data.

HF Engineering Habitability Safety Free Validated

ErgoFellow software has 17 ergonomic tools to evaluate and improve workplaces conditions, in order to reduce occupational risks and increase productivity. Many of these are ergonomic tools offered in other software products. While all 17 tools are available with a single purchase, these are described in three separate rows. • NIOSH (Revised Lifting Equation) - The NIOSH equation considers weight, starting point, distance of lift, duration of the job, frequency of the lift, effectiveness of coupling (hand holds on the object), and asymmetry of the lift (twisting of the torso). The NIOSH lifting equation provides an objective guide to maximum load weights to be lifted by humans based on the characteristics of the job. • OWAS (Ovako Working Posture Analysing System) - an ergonomic method for evaluating postural loads during work. • RULA (Rapid Upper Limb Assessment) - a tool to investigate the risk factors of work-related upper limb disorders. • REBA (Rapid Entire Body Assessment) - a systematic process to evaluate whole body risks associated with various postures, exertions, and repetitions. • Suzanne Rodgers - a means to assess the amount of fatigue that accumulates in muscles during various work patterns within 5 minutes of work. • Moore and Garg (Strain Index) - means to assess jobs for risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs) of the distal upper extremities (hand, wrist, elbow).

HF Engineering Habitability Safety

The ErgoIntelligence™ MMH (Manual Material Handling) modules focus on material handling applications and provide an in-depth risk analysis for low-back injury using the NIOSH Lifting Equation, Biomechanics, Energy Expenditure, Mital Tables and Snook & Ciriello Tables. All modules include extensive Help and can be purchased individually. MMH Modules include: EI-MMH-N : NIOSH Lifting Equation with multi-task analysis EI-MMH-NPRO : MMH-N with 2D biomechanics and 2D manikin facility EI-MMH-SCM : Snook & Ciriello and Mital Table analysis EI-MMH-SCMPRO : MMH-SCM with biomechanics EI-MMH-EE : Energy Expenditure After assessing a manual material handling task (i.e. lifting, lowering, pulling, pushing, carrying), the programs provide numerous generic recommendations to prevent risk of work-related Low Back Injury.

HF Engineering Habitability Safety

The ErgoIntelligence™ Upper Extremity Assessment (UEA) suite of tools incorporates a variety of tools including Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA), Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA), Strain Index, Occupational Repetitive Actions Index (OCRA) and the Cumulative Trauma Disorders Risk Index. These analyses assess the accepability of musculoskeletal loads on the upper body. Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) - assesses the musculoskeletal loads on workers due to posture, repetition and force. It aids in evaluating jobs or tasks that may expose workers to upper limb disorders (neck, shoulder, upper and lower arms, and hand). Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) - assesses various unpredictable working postures found in health care and other service industries. Strain Index - (also referred to as the Severity Index) is a score value based on a multiple of six variables: intensity of exertion, duration of exertion, efforts per minute, hand/wrist posture, speed of work and duration of task. Occupational Repetitive Actions Index (OCRA) - a measurement tool that quantifies the relationship between the daily number of actions actually performed by the upper limbs in repetitive tasks, and the corresponding number of recommended actions. Cumulative Trauma Disorders Risk Index - uses quantitative data such as hand motion frequencies and forces to obtain a frequency factor score that reflects the strain imposed on the muscles and tendons of the wrist. Gross upper extremity postures are included in a posture factor score and various minor job stressors are included as a miscellaneous factor score.

HF Engineering Habitability Safety

ErgoMaster is a suite of ergonomic analysis software modules. The system applications include ergonomic analysis, risk factor identification, training, as well as job and workstation redesign. Lift Analyst - provides tools to evaluate and document materials handling activities and perform biomechanical predictions for the lower back. Task Analyst - includes various tools to evaluate task design and perform job analysis. Biomechanics Analyst - enables users to easily interface with the University of Michigan's 3D SSPP in 2D mode (which is purchased directly from the University of Michigan Software) by clicking on the joint positions in the digital image. Posture Analyst - provides tools to evaluate an individual's posture as it pertains to range-of-motion, biomechanics and anthropometrics. Workstation Analyst - provides tools for the evaluation of industrial and/or office environments for ergonomic risk factors. This includes the assessment of furniture and equipment. These tools include Workstation Assessment, Video Display Assessment, Tool/Product Assessment, and Discomfort Survey. Ergo Product Database - a resource of ergonomic related products that may be used as recommendations to environmental layout or tool/equipment selection. Getting Started - contains general tools to begin an ergonomic evaluation. General Information, Discomfort Survey.

HF Engineering Habitability Safety

Ergoweb Enterprise software is a comprehensive suite of online ergonomic assessment software and improvement methods. The methods are used to identify ergonomic concerns in industrial workplace environments. Ergoweb Enterprise is built upon 12 evidence-based ergonomics assessment methods recommended by professionals and regulators, including the NIOSH Revised Lifting Equation, single and multi-task; Liberty Mutual "Snook and Ciriello" Tables for lift/Lower, Push/Pull and Carrying tasks; 2D Static Strength Biomechanical Calculator: Low back, shoulder, and whole body; The Strain Index; ACGIH Hand Activity Level (HAL); Rogers / Kodak Muscle Fatigue Analysis; American Automobile Manufacturing Association and Garg Metabolics; and RULA (Rapid Upper Limb Assessment)

HF Engineering Free Validated

EPIC provides a framework for constructing models of human-system interaction that are accurate and detailed enough to be useful for practical design purposes. EPIC represents a synthesis of results on human perceptual and motor performance, cognitive modeling techniques, and a task analysis methodology implemented in the form of computer simulation software.

HF Engineering

FaceReader is a software tool to record and automatically analyze facial expressions. It provides capabilities for face finding, modeling, and classification. It classifies emotion into one of 8 categories (happy, sad, angry, surprised, scared, disgusted, contempt, neutral). It works with video stream, image, or live analysis. It also assesses the level of arousal or expression intensity. This software could be used in human-in-the-loop studies and usability assessments.

Safety Survivability Validated

The Fatigue Avoidance Scheduling Tool (FAST) is used for forecasting and predicting performance. The FAST fatigue modeling software allows researchers and planners to identify areas of fatigue risk in schedule and roster design. It analyzes work schedules, commute times and sleep data to generate minute-by-minute performance predictions. FAST allows scientists, planners and schedulers to quantify the effects of various work-rest schedules on human performance. The FAST tool can also be used for retrospective analysis of fatigue related factors that may have contributed to an accident, error or safety related incident. It allows work and sleep data entry in graphic, symbolic (grid) and text formats. The graphic input-output display shows cognitive performance effectiveness (y axis) as a function of time (x axis).

Manpower HF Engineering

Flexible Line Balancing is used to allocate labor to progressive assembly lines to achieve the most cost-effective and productive output. It provides the optimal solution to manpower allocation and balancing work tasks across assembly lines. It is possible to change input parameters and perform "what if" analyses.

Manpower HF Engineering

FlexSim is simulation software that models processes. It simulates, predicts, and visualizes systems in a variety of application areas: manufacturing, material handling, healthcare, warehousing, mining, and logistics. FlexSim is used to create animated virtual models of processes that might (or might not) include human operators. It can be used to gather data on human-related concerns such as staffing issues, queueing, wait times, and processing times. FlexSim helps to optimize current and planned processes, identify and decrease waste, reduce cost, and increase revenue. While human manikins can be included in simulations, and human-related data are collected, FlexSim does not appear to collect or model ergonomic or anthropometric data (e.g., size, reach and fit, range of motion); rather, FlexSim's focus is on process efficiency issues.

HF Engineering Safety

FMEA-Pro, a Failure Mode and Effects Analysis software solution, provides consistency with risk assessments and assists with compliance with industry and company standards. FMEA-Pro allows users to analyze product designs and manufacturing processes, dramatically shorten assessment time, and prevent failures from happening in the first place. FMEA-Pro assists users in improving efficiencies in creating FMEAs and other risk assessments, applying best practices from historical data, and reducing reporting time.

Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety Validated

The first generation sensor is the fNIRS Pioneer™ sensor, which can accurately assess activities with lower physical activity (e.g., classrooms, simulations with mannequins within mock hospitals). The Pioneer is roughly the size of a business card, has a unit cost of approximately $1100 USD, fits comfortably into military-grade headwear—including tactical helmets—without modifications, weighs 2 ounces, and runs for at least 24 hours continuously after a full charge. The fNIRS Explorer™ sensor, is useful for activities with high levels of physical activity (e.g., classroom, mock hospital simulations, mock deployment emergency response) and has a unit cost of approximately $2160 USD. The Explorer is 9 inches long, 2.25 inches wide, and 1 inch deep, and is made of a flexible silicon material, allowing it to conform comfortably to the wearer’s forehead. It also includes modifications to make it more rugged and durable than the Pioneer to allow data collection in environments with extreme sun, sand, and dust. It is larger than the Pioneer to allow it to house all electronic components in one hermetically-sealed piece of hardware, including wireless charging so that there are no open ports or exposed components that must be protected from dirt and debris. This design decision resulted in a sensor that is likely unable to fit within standard issue gear such as a helmet. It weighs approximately 4.5 ounces and runs for at least 10 hours on a full charge.

HF Engineering Validated

The Frame of Reference Transformation (FORT) predicts performance degradations in remotely-operated robotics tasks due to poor camera views or poor orientation with respect to the controlled device, and non-intuitive control-display relationships. FORT can be used to compare different task designs (e.g., trajectories), camera configurations, and control arrangements to predict performance in tasks that require remote operations.

Training HF Engineering Free Validated

GIFT is an authoring capability to develop new Computer-Based Tutoring Systems (CBTS). It is also an instructional manager that integrates selected tutoring principles and strategies for use in CBTS. Finally, GIFT is an experimental testbed to analyze the effectiveness and impact of CBTS components, tools, and methods. GIFT consists of several core modules that interact with each other to perform the functions within a CBTS. The Sensor Module has interfaces to support commercial sensors and its function is to format, process and store sensor data. The Domain Module provides domain content to support training, assesses trainee performance against standards, and provides domain-specific feedback to the trainee when the Pedagogical Module identifies the need for feedback based on trainee performance. The Trainee Module uses trainee performance, historical data (e.g., past performance) and sensor data to determine the trainee’s cognitive and affective state. While this catalog does not typically include CBT authoring tools, GIFT was included because of the data collection capabilities. HSI professionals can use data gathered to identify where additional training or alternative methods or explanations are needed.

HF Engineering

GUITAR is a tool to build usability testing into the development process. It can be used to help plan the usability approach, including usability studies and evaluations. GUITAR can be used to predict usability during the early design phases, and eventually transition to measured (actual user performance) values. It can be used to assess overall usability or focus in on certain areas. It can record videos of end-user interactions,support the development of recommendations for change, and support development of reports that clearly present usability concerns and the context in which they were identified.

Safety Free Validated

HERA is a project dedicated to the human factors perspective in incident/accident investigation. Products associated with HERA include HERA Predict, HERA Observe, and HERA Smart. JANUS is a tool for identifying the root causes of human errors in aviation accidents/incidents and associated contextual factors by selecting appropriate ‘error types’ from the literature, and shaping their usage within a conceptual framework. This conceptual framework included factors to describe the error, such as error modes and mechanisms and factors to describe the context, e.g. when did the error occur, who was involved, where did it occur, what tasks were being performed? This was achieved by employing a pre-defined taxonomic procedure.

HF Engineering Safety Validated

The Human Factors Risk Manager (formerly the Human Factors Workbench (HFW)) software suite is an integrated set of eight human factors tools designed to support a wide range of analyses that are typically carried out in safety critical systems. These eight tools can be used independently or together. 1) Risk Ranking - This module develops a Risk Ranking Index based on the likelihood of error and severity of consequences, and it can also include the likelihood of error recovery or consequence mitigation. 2) Human Factors Risk Analysis - This module supports the analyst in conducting a Hierarchical Task Analysis (HTA), and in using the HTA to predict human error. 3) Performance Influencing Factors Analysis - PIFs influence the likelihood of human errors occurring in a task. The analyst can evaluate the quality of the PIFs that influence these failures and develop suitable error reduction strategies. 4) Automatic Procedures Generation - This converts the HTA to a fully formatted procedure. 5) Swimlane (STEP) - A SWIMLANE, also known as a STEP (Sequential Timed Event Plot) is a graphical method for representing the sequence of events in a task. SWIMLANE plots tasks along a timeline, and assigns them to the Agent (person or object) who performs the task. In accident investigations, a SWIMLANE allows the accident sequence to be reconstructed by linking events together to show how they led to the ultimate outcome. 6) Human Error Prediction and Assessment (HEPA) - HEPA provides a method for quantifying human error probabilities (HEPs), and give an overall probability of failure for the whole task. 7) Root Causes Analysis in Incident Investigations - This module is used to analyse the direct and organisational causes of errors as part of incident investigations. 8) Options Evaluation - This module assists the analyst in deciding between alternative strategies to minimise human error, based on user-defined criteria.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Habitability Safety Survivability Free Validated

The HSI-CRT is a standardized, data-driven tool to assist the HSI analyst in generating, tracking, and documenting human-centered requirements. This tool was developed to provide a means of identifying human-related risks and concerns in system development. It uses domain-based questions (with yes/no/not applicable answers) to analyze risk. It prompts the user to input ratings of human risk using a standard Department of Defense risk methodology. The tool allows the user to enter data to support the risk assessment. Based on user inputs, the HSI-CRT provides a report that documents the human performance risks. The intent with this tool is that it is used throughout the acquisition lifecycle, with perhaps higher-level estimates entered early in the process, and more detailed, specific data entered as they become available.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Habitability Safety Survivability Free

The Human Systems Integration Framework tool covers the entire acquisition cycle, from early development planning to operation and sustainment to disposal. When a task box is selected, it expands to show a description of the activity, hyperlinked references to consult for more information and products that might result from the activity. The HSIF tool looks a bit like a flowchart, a scrollable canvas that covers the entire acquisition cycle, from early development planning to operation and sustainment to disposal. The acquisition timeline is listed across the top of the canvas, and the integrator roles and domains are listed down the left side. The rest of the canvas is filled with task boxes -- many linked together to show collaboration -- that detail specific human systems integration activities for each stage. When a task box is selected, it expands to show a description of the activity, hyperlinked references to consult for more information, and products that might result from the activity. The expanded view also includes a place for comments about human systems integration risks and trade-offs, as well as a tab to document deliverables and more.

HF Engineering Habitability Safety

HumanCAD provides the capability to insert digital humans in a computerized three-dimensional environment and perform ergonomic and human factors analyses. HumanCAD aids users by determining what humans (end workers in the environment represented by the computer model) of different sizes can see, reach or lift. The software allows designers to incorporate human figures of different sizes, even those with specific physical challenges, into computer models of a design. HumanCAD extends the capabilities of the earlier, widely-used ManneQuin™ product line. All configurations include kinematics, digital human creation capabilities, vision and reach analyses, and extensive anthropometric databases of men, women and children. Height, weight, and individual body segment dimensions can be entered manually to generate specific anthropometric models.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Habitability Safety Survivability Free Validated

The Improved Performance Research Integration Tool (IMPRINT) allows users to develop and run stochastic models of operator and team performance. IMPRINT includes three different modules: 1) Operations, 2) Maintenance, and 3) Forces. In the Operations module, IMPRINT users develop networks of discrete events (tasks) that are performed to achieve mission outcomes. These tasks are associated with operator workload that the user assigns with guidance in IMPRINT. Once the user has developed a model, it can be run to predict the probability of mission success (e.g., accomplishment of certain objectives or completion of tasks within a given time frame), time to complete the mission, workload experienced by the operators, and the sequence of tasks (and timeline) throughout the mission. Using the Maintenance module users can predict maintenance manpower requirements, manning requirements, and operational readiness, among other important maintenance drivers. Maintenance models consist of scenarios, segments, systems, subsystems, components and repair tasks. The underlying built-in maintenance model simulates the flow of systems into segments of a scenario and the performance of maintenance actions to estimate maintenance manhours for defined systems. The Forces module allows users predict comprehensive and multilevel manpower requirements for large organizations composed of a diverse set of positions and roles. Each force unit is comprised of a set of activities (planned and unplanned) and jobs. This information, when modeled, helps predict the manpower needed to perform the routine and unplanned work done by a force unit. IMPRINT helps users to assess the integration of personnel and system performance throughout the system lifecycle--from concept and design to field testing and system upgrades. In addition, IMPRINT can help predict the effects training or personnel factors (e.g., as defined by Military Occupational Specialty) on human performance and mission success. IMPRINT also has built-in functions to predict the effects of stressors (e.g., heat, cold, vibration, fatigue, use of protective clothing) on operator performance (task completion time, task accuracy).

Safety Survivability Free Validated

INJURY is a blast overpressure predictive injury model that will be used to predict combat survivability of soldiers, give guidance for firing restrictions during training, and to aid in the development and procurement of safer weapon systems. It contains a Health Hazard Assessment Methodology that allows a precise estimate of the hazard in a given blast environment (prediction of probability of injury at any confidence level) and a basis to evaluate model predictions in prospective tests.

Manpower HF Engineering

IPME is a Linux- and Windows-based integrated environment of simulation and modeling tools for answering questions about systems that rely on human performance. IPME has a number of features that make it easier to integrate IPME models with other simulations on a real-time basis including tools for developing simulations that adhere to the Higher Level Architecture (HLA) simulation protocols. IPME uses a detailed task analysis as the foundation for developing models of human performance.

Manpower Personnel HF Engineering

The Integrated Simulation and Manpower Analysis Tool (ISMAT) incorporates task characteristics, task timelines, situational awareness, as well as operator Knowledge, Skills and Abilities (KSAs) into a dynamic human performance simulation framework. ISMAT also assists designers in assessing the impact of reduced manning levels on performance in various dimensions of the system. This tool evaluates different manning concepts in terms of system performance, operator workload, and cost. ISMAT integrates skill and ability requirements with the dynamic human performance simulation framework, such that the performance consequences of different task allocation schemes can be observed and quantified. ISMAT examines the skills required to perform specific tasks and also describes new operators that are developed as a result of the skill requirements of individual tasks that must be performed. ISMAT contains a library that provides information on specialized skills and proficiency levels that are available within the US Navy’s personnel inventory, classified by rate and rating.

HF Engineering Habitability Safety Free

Jack is an ergonomics tool set allowing constructive simulation for workstation design and early trade-off studies. Areas addressed by this tool include reach, vision, injury risk, fatigue, comfort and strength assessments. Jack is a human modeling and simulation software solution that helps organizations in various industries improve the ergonomics of product designs and refine workplace tasks. The following steps must be done to perform an analysis using Jack: 1) build a virtual environment, 2) create a virtual human, 3) define the human's size and shape, 4) position the human in their environment, 5) assign the human tasks, 5) analyze how the human performs in that environment.

Personnel Free Validated

The Job Assessment Software System (JASS) is a computer based survey tool to define and measure human aptitudes required to do a job. JASS is used to identify and rate the level of skills and abilities necessary to perform jobs and job duties. JASS is a test instrument developed to elicit from personnel (soldiers) the relative importance of 50 skills and abilities for specific task functions defining various MOSs. The computerized test is designed to allow the personnel (soldiers) to rate each skill designation on a seven-point scale for each specified military task. The test is based on validated psychometric investigations and broken into the underlying cognitive, perceptual, and psychomotor skills that would constitute any human work activity. Results of a JASS evaluation can be used to identify personnel, training, and human factors design recommendations, but it is primarily used as a way of characterizing personnel requirements for jobs. The intended users are managers or trainers, who have the big picture of what is required to do the work.

HF Engineering Safety Free Validated

LiFFT is a web based application that allows a user to enter anticipated lever arm distances, weights, and repetitions that a worker may perform on a daily basis. The tool calculates the possible total cumulative damage that an operator may encounter, and based on this evaluates the probability of his/her tasking equating to a high risk job, with a high risk job defined as any in which 12+ injuries may be incurred during the equivalent of 100 man-years.

HF Engineering Free

MakeHuman is an open source tool for creating 3D digital humans. Sizing options are available. This appears to be more useful for visualization than ergonomic assessments.

HF Engineering Free Validated

The Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) aids developers, designers, and analysts in the application of human factors principles and performance models to the design of complex human-machine systems. MIDAS can be used to develop models of human behavior, using a set of behavioral components known as "primitives." MIDAS can be used to model operator performance in dynamic contexts, to predict task completion times, accuracy, operator workload, and operator situation awareness. When combined with anthropometric tools (human representations, such as Jack), MIDAS can be used to assess crew station layout for visibility, legibility, reach, fit, and configuration.

Safety Survivability Validated

MADYMO is a software suite for predicting injury responses in blast environments. MADYMO was developed and is managed by TNO Automotive Safety Solutions (TASS), which is headquartered in the Netherlands. MADYMO comes with full software support and training by TASS in North America. MADYMO is used by most major automobile manufacturers, accident reconstruction organizations, and defense organizations and contractors including the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC), U.S. Navy Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR), General Dynamics Land Systems (GDLS), the Norwegian Defense Research Establishment (Forsvaretsforskningsinstitutt, FFI), the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and the Army Research Laboratory. Using MADYMO, researchers and engineers can model, thoroughly analyse and optimize safety designs early in the development process. This reduces the expense and time involved in building and testing prototypes. Adopting MADYMO also minimises the risk of making design changes late in the development phase. For new or improved vehicle models and components, MADYMO cuts cost and reduces the time-to-market substantially.

HF Engineering

Media Recorder is software for synchronous recording of multiple video streams. It is possible to record up to 8 different video and audio sources at one time, and can be used with the FaceReader and Observer XT software. Media Recorder allows recording the same scene from different angles. It allows users to record from different devices and synchronize and replay (e.g., tiled or picture-in-picture format) the videos simultaneously.

Safety Free Validated

The Medical Cost Avoidance Model (MCAM) was originally developed in 1998 and updated in 2005 and 2013. This web-based application predicts cost savings that can be achieved by implementing mitigations to reduce risk. The tool requires users to input the risk (severity and probability) associated with the current system, the predicted or expected risk (severity and probability) associated with the new system, and the total cost for the implementing the mitigation. The tool also requires users to input the number of systems, operators (per system) and system lifetime. The tool calculates medical and lost time costs using average clinic costs, average daily hospital costs,expected lost time, and fatality costs for active duty Army personnel from sources such as medical cost data, Military Personnel Cost data, and Veterans Affairs (VA) Disability Compensation data. The tool also provides the expected return on investment for the proposed risk mitigation.

Manpower HF Engineering Validated

Micro Saint Sharp is a general purpose, discrete-event simulation software tool used to model human performance. It can be used to 1) increase understanding of processes and procedures, 2) identify design issues that negatively impact human performance, 3) ensure work/rest strategies support performance goals. Micro Saint Sharp's graphical user interface and flow chart approach to modeling make it a tool that can be used by generalists as well as simulation experts. Micro Saint Sharp has been used to improve processes across domains: military, health care, process control, manufacturing, and the service industry. To develop models in Micro Saint Sharp, an analyst needs detailed task analyses. The tool predicts operator workload, time to complete tasks, and time that personnel will wait in queues. Because of its ability to model queues (such as at a bank, or tollbooths, or security screening checkpoints), it is sometimes referred to as a process modeling tool.

HF Engineering Free Validated

The MicroPsi agent architecture describes the interaction of emotion, motivation and cognition of situated agents based on the Psi theory of Dietrich Dörner. This theory touches on a number of questions, particularly about perception, representation and bounded rationality, in interesting ways, but being formulated within psychology, has had relatively little impact on the discussion of agents within computer science. It provides a way of modeling human behavior based on factors that are not typically included in human performance assessments.

HF Engineering Free Validated

MARC is an app intended to provide a resource for accessing standardized body size data, guidance on applying the data, and tools that aid in collection and evaluation of such data as applied to the design of Army materiel.

Manpower HF Engineering

The Mission Task Analysis Tool (MTAT) provides the Human Systems Integration (HSI) workforce a way to conduct a structured task analysis for projects and programs. MTAT facilitates the planning, organization, assessment, reporting, and recommendations required for guiding, building, and sharing various task analysis processes and products. MTAT is an easy-to-use software tool that supports conducting human task analyses for acquisition programs. While initially built for NAVAIR 4.6, MTAT has broader application for use by the wider HSI community (DoD, civilian, and non-military). It supports the various analyses needed at different phases of a program, and helps analysts collaborate within and among programs to conduct their task analyses. The tool includes modules and functionality that allow a user to perform Mission Analysis, Functional Analysis, Functional Allocation, Task Analysis, and Manning Analysis.

Personnel Training HF Engineering Free

The Mobile Field Data Collection Tool is a collection of 40+ questionnaires, and 6 integrated physiological sensors, that provides a mechanism to provide real-time, mobile data collection in realistic scenarios. Examples of data collected include personality traits, fatigue levels, task effect measures, and trust in automation.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety Free

Modelio is a SysML modeling tool that offers basic support for requirements traceability, automated documentation generation, and structural code generation. However, it is not yet competitive with the better commercial SysML modeling tools. Modelio is open source (free).

HF Engineering

Morae is a set of tools for collecting data during usability studies and focus group sessions. It includes screen capture capabilities (as the user navigates and selects items on a display), audio recording, and a view of the participant's face as s/he works with the software product, website, or handheld device. Morae provides data analysis and presentation capabilities, so users can easily view statistics such as time to complete tasks or percent of participants who correctly completed the task. Morae allows the user (usability researcher) to take notes while observing the session.

HF Engineering Validated

The Multimodal Evaluation Module (MEM) is a software tool to predict the effects of presentation modality on pilot performance. Specifically, MEM identifies the predicted noticing probability, time to respond, and accuracy of response for information presented in the visual, auditory, tactile modalities, and in all redundant combinations. MEM was developed for a flight deck context, but it can be used for other types of workstations of a similar size and layout to a flight deck (e.g., many transportation control applications or operator workstations). MEM users identify the expected environmental conditions, characteristics of the information and its specific presentation in the different modalities, and the tool provides predictions.

HF Engineering

The Multi-modal Interface Design Advisor (MIDA) provides recommendations regarding the modality of interface design. It examines the characteristics of the end user, the tasks the user must perform, and the environment in which the resulting interface will be used. MIDA incorporates task network modeling to predict operator workload and identify resource conflicts. MIDA then uses these performance measures in combination with a comprehensive database of multimodal technologies and design guidance to generate interface recommendations. MIDA also allows designers to re-open a project and modify tasks and user characteristics in order to determine the effects of these modifications on the tool’s recommendations.

HF Engineering Safety

Production Technology develops and distributes unique software products for manufacturing industries and the Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering professions. N-Lift calculates lifting limits based on a single task (repetition of a lifting load at a given frequency and duration). It also calcuates the NIOSH (National Institutes for Occupational Safety and Health) recommended weight limit (RWL) and Lifting Index (LI), indicators of the relative safety of lifing loads of a given size under various conditions. The NIOSH equation considers weight, starting point, distance of lift, duration of the job, frequency of the lift, effectiveness of coupling (hand holds on the object), and asymmetry of the lift (twisting of the torso). The NIOSH lifting equation was developed in 1981 to provide an objective guide to maximum load weights to be lifted by humans based on the characteristics of the job. N-Lift provides software to assist ergonomists in performing calculations to assess lifting task safety.

Personnel Free

The O*NET program is the nation's primary source of occupational information. Central to the project is the O*NET database, containing information on hundreds of standardized and occupation-specific descriptors. The database, which is available to the public at no cost, is continually updated by surveying a broad range of workers from each occupation. Information from this database forms the heart of O*NET OnLine, an interactive application for exploring and searching occupations. The database also provides the basis for our Career Exploration Tools. An HSI professional could use this tool for personnel analyses. They can use O*NET to identify factors related to different occupations. The O*NET database identifies, defines, describes, and classifies occupations, and provides users with the following types of occupational information: • Experience Requirements — Training, Experience, Licensing • Worker Requirements — Basic and Cross-Functional Skills, General Knowledges, Education • Occupation Requirements — Generalized Work Activities, Work Context, Organizational Context • Worker Characteristics — Abilities, Interests, Work Styles • Occupation Specific Information — Occupational Knowledges, Occupational Skills, Tasks • Occupation Characteristics — Labor Market Information, Occupational Outlook, Wages

HF Engineering

The Observer XT is software for the collection, analysis, and presentation of observational data. It is used together with compatible lab equipment (e.g., eye trackers, heart rate monitors, video, audio). It allows users to code and describe data in an accurate and quantitative manner. It records time automatically and accurately. It provides a data archive that synchronizes across different types of data. It allows users to set up different coding schemes for observational data (during or after live scenarios). It allows screen capture recording for user interface studies. It provides data visualization capabilities, and data analysis capabilities.

Training Free

OneSAF is an entity-level simulation for military training that supports both Computer Generated Forces and Semi-Automated Forces applications. OneSAF was built to represent the modular and future force and provides entities, units and behaviors across the full spectrum of military operations. OneSAF has been crafted to be uniquely capable of simulating aspects of the urban operating environment and its effects on simulated activities and behaviors. Special attention has been paid to urban operations details including interior rooms, furniture, tunnels and subterranean features, and associated automated behaviors to make use of these attributes. OneSAF is unique in its ability to model unit behaviors from fire team to company level for all units for both combat and non-combat operations. Intelligent, doctrinally-correct behaviors and a range of constructive, gaming and virtually-based user interfaces are provided to increase the span of control for workstation operators. The OneSAF Environmental Runtime Component provides a range of terrain database services and capabilities already supporting LVC applications across the world and bridging a critical interoperability gap by establishing a common terrain basis. OneSAF entities, which include ground and air vehicles, dismounted infantry (DI), missiles, and dynamic structures, can interact with each other and with manned individual entity simulators to support training, combat development experiments, and test of evaluation studies.

Safety Survivability

Operational Requirements-Based Casualty Assessment System (ORCA) provides the ability to predict operator injury based on ballistics (e.g., gunshot, grenade, shrapnel) or exposure to hazardous substances. ORCA predicts the immediate and longer-term impacts on operator cabilities. This tool can be used in assessing munition effectiveness, protective equipment needs, medical field unit and battle planning. The ORCA model evaluates personnel causalities for all conventional insults, for any crew position, and for all anatomical locations in a way consistent with the needs of medical, materiel, and operational communities. ORCA provides operational metrics to determine if personnel have the capability to meet the requirements of the job under evaluation. There are six post-wounding times: immediate, 30 seconds, 5 minutes, 1 hour, 24 hours, and 72 hours.

HF Engineering Safety Validated

Perilog software offers a contextual search method that provides a simple-to-use means of finding and ranking text documents according to their relevance to particular words or phrases. Rather than simply finding documents that contain particular words or phrases, Perilog discovers contextual associations between words and phrases. Perilog’s ability to automatically identify contextual associations in a document set enables conceptual and semantic search without the need to maintain categorization for the documents. Users are quickly able to identify related topics, even if those topics do not co-occur in the same document and the user has no prior knowledge of the documents. Perilog measures the degree of contextual association of large numbers of term pairs in text to produce network models that capture the structure of the text and, by virtue of Perilog’s validated theory of iconicity, the structure of the domains, situations, and concerns expressed by the author of the text. Given alphanumeric representations of any other sequences in which context is meaningful — such as music or generic sequences — Perilog can derive their contextual structure. Instead of the keyword search being limited to the query words alone, Perilog uses the relationships of keywords within their contextual associations to find documents in which those relationships are significant. Perilog’s key features and methods encompass text analysis, modeling, relevance ranking, keyword and phrase search, phrase generation, and phrase recovery. Perilog can be used for a wide range of conceptual search and semantic search applications—in knowledge management systems, as enhancements or add-ons to commercial search engines, and for contextual advertising solutions. It is used for data mining from the aviation safety reporting system by the US airline industry.

Safety

PHA-Pro, the leading Process Hazard Analysis and HAZOP software, assists organizations with the implementation of risk studies easily and thoroughly, resulting in a more responsive and efficient business process. It is used across process industries such as oil and gas, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals, and is designed to help your organization put corporate-wide risk policies and programs into place and aid in the adoption of standards and regulations.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety Free

The Program Manager's WorkStation (PMWS) is an electronic suite of tools designed to provide timely acquisition and engineering information to the user. The main components of the PMWS are KnowHow, the Technical Risk Identification and Mitigation System (TRIMS), and the BMP Database. These tools complement one another and provide users with the knowledge, insight, and experience to make informed decisions through all phases of product development, production, and beyond.

Manpower Personnel Safety

PTC Windchill Quality Solutions includes two capabilities of interest to an HSI practitioner. One is thefailure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) tool that allows users to systematically identify the potential failure modes of a system and control or prevent their occurrence or effects. Supporting a wide range of industry standards used in FMEA and FMECA (Failure Mode Effects, and Criticality Analysis) risk management techniques, PTC Windchill FMEA enables users to identify and categorize failures, and to develop, organize and implement a plan to address them. The other is the Reliability and Maintainability Predictions, that predict the potential reliability of products early in the design phase, and includes capabilities to predict service needs, processes, parts, personnel, and costs.

HF Engineering Validated

RAMSIS is a 3D-CAD-ergonomics tool, designed in collaboration with the German automobile industry for the ergonomic development of vehicles and cockpits. Special functions are the realistic replay of international body data, as well as efficient analysis for visibility, comfort and ergonomics formulations. With RAMSIS, package and design studies can be extensively dealt with throughout the construction phase of the vehicle. RAMSIS holds a wide library of Nation typical body characteristics. Additionally, there is a statistical variation of body measurements in each part of the world as years go by. RAMSIS NextGen varies the body geometry according to dates, besides just taking into account a nation’s typical typology. This would include a projection into the future, meaning that an assessment can be performed on what it has been projected that the human body will look like in the future (e.g. year 2020), in a particular geographical region. As an assessment can be performed in several positions within a vehicle, RAMSIS NextGen requires from the user to define a role for each test sample (Driver, Passenger, etc.).

HF Engineering Safety Free Validated

The Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) method was developed by Dr. Sue Hignett and Dr. Lynn McAtamney , ergonomists from University of Nottingham in England (Dr. McAtamney is now at Telstra, Australia) . REBA is a postural targeting method for estimating the risks of work-related entire body disorders. A REBA assessment gives a quick and systematic assessment of the complete body postural risks to a worker. The analysis can be conducted before and after an intervention to demonstrate that the intervention has worked to lower the risk of injury. An Excel spreadsheet for calculating demands on the body due to ergonomic concerns.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety

IBM® Rational® DOORS® is a requirements management application for optimizing requirements communication, collaboration and verification throughout your organization and supply chain. This scalable solution can help in managing project scope and cost. Rational DOORS provides a tool to capture, trace, analyze and manage changes to information while maintaining compliance to regulations and standards.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety

IBM® Rational® Rhapsody® Designer for Systems Engineers is a model-based systems engineering (MBSE) environment using the industry-standard Systems Modeling Language (SysML) and Unified Modeling Language (UML). It helps you adapt to changing customer requirements, improves productivity and reduces time-to-market with advanced validation and simulation features. Rational Rhapsody Designer for Systems Engineers provides: 1) simulation and model execution, 2) requirements analysis and traceability, 3) team collaboration, 4) visual development, and 5) lifecycle support and add-on software. Like other SysML software tools, this tool can also be used to develop and record scenarios.

Safety

REASON is an root cause analysis system that helps the analyst sort information about an individual problem. It helps the user to model and analyze the problem to get solutions, and it provides results to assist in the selection of the best options to prevent a recurrence of the problem. The REASON Root Cause Analysis system guides the user through the process of inputting information about an incident and developing the timeline by entering the sequence of events. The software prompts and questions the analysts about the reasoning and logic included in the tree in order to establish the logic links between events within the incident sequence. The tree starts with the end event, i.e. the incident, and works backwards.

Safety Survivability Free

“Risk Identification: Integration and Ilities,” also referred to as RI3, is an Excel tool to identify technical risks that have hindered previous programs. It is intended to assist program managers and system engineers in the development and transition of new technologies. If used as part of a coherent systems engineering strategy, this assessment can be done early enough to enable sound decisions and avoid cost overruns and schedule delays.

Safety

rm.Incidents is a flexible web software designed to streamline the reporting and management of multi-line incidents and events. With rm.Incidents, risk managers have the ability to collect incident data centrally, evaluate the basis for occurrence, and implement safeguards to mitigate future loss. Application Features: Central dashboard to report and manage organization wide incidents – from submission, to review, response, and closure Track incidents across multiple product lines – Workers Compensation, Employers Practices Liability, Automobile Liability, etc. Incidents-Screen-Caps2 Attach and upload supporting documents and images to incident records Flexible workflows with customizable submission templates business message notifications Escalate incident data to a third party administrator or insurance carrier should an incident elevate to a claim Comprehensive record of activities and communications between stakeholders Integrated ad-hoc reporting provides real-time access to incident data, process analytics, and performance trends

HF Engineering Safety Validated

The Safety Critical Application Development Environment (SCADE) includes a suite of software tools for safety-critical systems design, verification, and tracking. It includes capabilities for requirements tracking. The Design Review component of the SCADE development suite is a proof engine that enables designers to prove that a system's design is "safe" with respect to its requirements. In other words, the Design Verifier can be used to determine if the software design as implemented matches the design as validated, thus ensuring that a "software failure" will not cause the system to fail because of non-conformance.

HF Engineering

The SAMMIE system is a computer based Digital Human Modelling (DHM) tool. Its capabilities make it a valuable tool to designers, ergonomists and design teams working on products that are used by people. DHM tools offer an opportunity to model a range of humans that vary in size and shape to represent the intended user population and to perform assessments of fit, reach and vision of designs in a CAD environment. While DHM is not a replacement for fitting trials with real people and physical prototypes, DHM offers the opportunity to perform assessments early in the development process. This early intervention ensures the design has appropriate accommodation before critical features are fixed and costly prototypes are produced. The SAMMIE DHM tools let users investigate anthropometry (different overall percentiles and adjustable individual body measurements), environment, posture, reach, and vision (view cone) factors.

HF Engineering Safety

Santos®is an extensive digital human modeling (DHM) environment, designed to help users simulate and predict all aspects of human performance. Instead of using real humans to evaluate expensive physical prototypes, Santos® capabilities can be used to reduce costs and further upstream in the design phase to simulate human activities in response to the manufacture, use, and maintenance of products and processes. The tool provides insight to a large variety of industries. Different versions of Santos® are available, from Lite to Pro, as well as plug-ins and training packages.

Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety Validated

The Sherlock™ software product, to bear as quantitative methods to continuously monitor human states. Often deployed in combination, the fNIRS Pioneer and Sherlock are primarily focused on assessing human states (e.g., SA, cognitive workload) in real-world environments. We began Sherlock development in FY 2014, leveraging military human sensing work performed under several DoD Phase II SBIRs, other contract vehicles, and IR&D funding. Version 1.0 was released in October of 2016 to the HUMAN lab at the Air Force Research Laboratories. This version included a flexible architecture through which users could enable ingestion of commercial and custom sensor data streamed in real time through a Bluetooth connection to the sensors themselves or through their own software tools (e.g., to stream pre-processed vs. raw data). This version also included a data processing tools (e.g., advanced filtering techniques) and algorithms to interpret data (e.g., activity determination, human state assessment). Version 2.0 of Sherlock was released in October of 2017 to a testing and engineering lab at the Johnson Space Center. This version of the software enabled streaming of additional sensors (our fNIRS Pioneer™ and Massachusetts General Hospital’s NINScan) in real time. It also included integration of dynamic Bayesian networks (DBNs) (populated by machine learning only) to estimate cognitive workload. We recently tuned these models to increase accuracy, and released an update in March of 2019.We are planning major releases at 12- to 18-month intervals, and are employing an Agile approach to release updates based on results from efforts that complete within the 12- to 18-month periods (approximately one release per quarter); this release schedule allows Sherlock development to respond to emerging market needs and opportunities.

Manpower HF Engineering

Simul8 is a process simulation tool that allows users to develop models of operations and evaluate ways to improve efficiency or throughput. The simulations are time based and take into account all the resources and constraints involved, as well as the way these things interact with each other as time passes. The simulations match reality by allowing users to build in the randomness that exists in real life. When users make changes to the simulation, they see exactly how the system would behave in real life. Simulation provides a platform for testing ideas in a risk-free and low-cost environment. Simul8 can potentially be used to identify ways to improve layout or task sequences (human factors engineering solutions) or to identify the number of personnel required (manpower) for different process concepts.

HF Engineering Habitability Safety Survivability Free Validated

The Space Performance Research Integration Tool (S-PRINT) is a model-based tool (an IMPRINT plug-in) that predicts operator or crew performance in workload transitions, including fatigue effects on complex and simple task performance. The tool addresses the situation of operator overload, and predicts operator performance when working with different implementations of automation and in different automation failure conditions. Analysts develop a model of the tasks to be performed by operators, and they provide data regarding the design and failure mechanisms of the automated systems to be used by the operators. Users also input operator sleep histories, and task factors (e.g., salience, "interestingness") to identify predicted mission success, mission completion times, operator workload, and task selection. S-PRINT differs from IMPRINT in that it offers a graphical user interface for rapidly configuring and testing scenarios once a particular human performance model has been developed.

Training Free

The Tactical Warfare Instructional Support Environment (TacWISE) is a set of Navy Fleet-tested software tools that support the collection, analysis and debriefing of performance data in dynamic, multi-platform (ship, sub, land, air) training environments. It can be used to evaluate and analyze team and multi-team performance data during live or simulated tactical exercises. For large multi-platform exercises, the tool supports multiple networked evaluators concurrently and collaboratively evaluating different participants in the same exercise. TacWISE is designed to facilitate performance assessment and analysis to enhance the training process, support post-exercise debrief, and improve the user community’s ability to link training to performance readiness.

Safety

The TapRooT® System includes software and training to find the real root causes of problems. It provides a methodology to lead an investigator through the techniques and steps used to perform an in-depth investigation of an incident's root causes or an in-depth audit or observation to proactively improve performance. TapRooT can be used to investigate and fix the root causes of major accidents, everyday incidents, minor near-misses, quality issues, human errors, maintenance problems, medical mistakes, productivity issues, manufacturing mistakes, environmental releases … in other words, all types of mission-critical problems.

Training HF Engineering

Task Architect is a software tool that supports users in performing task analyses. Task Architect helps users by providing a tool for recording, organizing, and visualizing task sequences. This can be used for task analysis (interaction design, process efficiency), training needs analyses. Results can also be used for modeling and simulation input, and safety analyses. * Simplicity in recording and organizing tasks * Point and click creation of plans, with logic clearly shown. * Automatic re-numbering of tasks and plans after each edit. * Automatic generation of a variety of clearly laid out task diagrams. * Flexibility in recording task details. * Support for any analysis goal. * Support for collaboration between analysts. * Rapid production of reports. * Easy export for re-use in other tools

Safety Survivability Free Validated

The Toxic Gas Assessment Software (TGAS) allows users to assess the risk of injury from exposure to gases from a fire or explosion, as well as physical and cognitive performance decrements to toxic gas inhalation. TGAS does this by calculating the body-mass-normalised internal doses of each gas exposure (in a variety of toxic gas exposure standards). This output can then be plotted on a cumulative distribution function for a normal or susceptible population to visualise the relationship of the standards to each other.

Training

The Training Aide: Research and Guidance for Effective Training (TARGET) is a web-based tool that presents visualizations of the relationships between training methods and observed performance. These relationships are based on an extensive meta-analysis of training literature. TARGET provides quantitative information on the training effectiveness of six different training methods (i.e., part task training, task difficulty sequencing, error prevention, scaffolding, learner control, and exploratory learning), and predicts training effectiveness that takes into account the type of task to be trained, the characteristics (e.g., experience) of the trainees, and the training objectives or desired performance outcomes (e.g., procedural knowledge, transfer of training). TARGET contains a library of over 500 training research article summaries that users can access through various search and filter capabilities. TARGET is updateable as additional training research is generated so that the tool stays current with state-of-the-art training research developments.

Training HF Engineering

Viso is software for recording multiple videos simultaneously. It allows simultaneous recording of any number of rooms with up to four cameras per room. It includes audio recording, and allows an experimenter to pan, tilt and zoom the cameras during data collection. The experimenter / observer can add comments or markers to the video files. It is intended, among other applications (e.g., human performance monitoring during experiments or usability tests), for recording, note taking, and after action reviews during training scenarios.

Manpower Personnel Training HF Engineering Safety

Visual Trace Spec (formerly CASE Spec) is a requirement capture and management tool. It allows product development teams to efficiently define, organize and capture mission-critical business needs, and manage all types of requirements across the project’s lifecycle. Visual Trace Spec combines the flexibility of a word processor and spreadsheet with the power of a database to effectively track requirements, versions and releases.

Safety Validated

VRdose is used to predict radiation dosages for operators working in "hot" (radioactive) areas. It requires a virtual reality (Computer Aided Design) model of the room or area, the layout of equipment within that area, and the radiation sources and dosages being emitted by those sources. The tool also requires that users know the plan of work to be done in the hot area. The user works with virtual manikins (representing the workers) and specifies a scenario in which the workers move throughout the area and perform their tasks (including path, walking speed, and location and duration of pauses). The tool shows a video in which the manikins walk through the area and perform tasks, and the tool calculates the predicted dosages experienced by the operators in the scenario. VRdose shows time plots of radiation exposure throughout the scenario, so users can see when and where highest dosages were incurred. Users can then adjust the scenario (e.g., having the operator move away from "hot" areas whenever possible) to minimize dosages. This tool could potentially be used early in a design process, if radiation sources and work area layouts are known. However, VRdose was developed for planning the work associated with decommissioning a nuclear power plant, and it is most likely to be used in an operational (maintenance and decommissioning) phase of acquisition.

Safety Survivability

The Vulnerability Toolkit (VTK) is a suite of software tools that support the performance of ballistic vulnerability and lethality studies involving military systems. The primary purpose for the toolkit is to provide a “one-stop shop” for ballistic vulnerability & lethality analysis, by providing analysts with the necessary tools required to perform pre-test predictions, concept evaluations, trade studies, and requirements verification studies. The primary objective of the software application provided with the toolkit is to help the analyst determine the probability of kill (Pk) for a system of interest given a particular ballistic threat impact.

HF Engineering Free

WebMetrics includes 7 separate prototype tools for assessing the usability (or predicting usability) of websites: WebSAT, WebCAT, WebVIP, FLUD, FLUDViz, VisVIP, and TreeDec. WebSAT (Web Static Analyzer Tool) inspects the HTML code of pages to look for usability issues. WebCAT (Web Category Analysis Tool) lets the usability engineer (UE) construct and conduct a simple category analysis across the web to make sure that the categories match users' intuitions. The Web Variable Instrumenter Program (WebVIP) lets the UE instrument a website so as to capture a log of user behavior on the site. User interactions (such as navigating among pages and manipulating buttons and checkboxes) are captured in a log file for later analysis. This allows for remotely-conducted usability tests. The Framework for Logging Usability Data (FLUD) is a file format and an associated parser for representation of the behavior of website users. The FLUDViz tool lets the UE visualize and analyze data from a single usability session. The x-axis is used for time, and the y-axis for the types of behavior. The VisVIP tool lets the UE visualize (in 3D graphics) and analyze the navigational paths of website users as captured in a FLUD file. VisVIP lays out a 2D graph of the website, and then overlays the paths of selected subjects to show which pages were visited. A vertical bar indicates how much time users spent at the various pages. The TreeDec tool supports the representation of a website as a single logical tree. It automatically adds links (breadcrumbs) to each page of the website to allow easy navigation to nearby nodes of the tree.

Safety

WinNUPRA is a software package for performing probabilistic risk/safety assessments (PRAs/PSAs). This system, which consists of five major analysis modules, is designed to generate and analyze minimal cutset solutions of various fault trees and cutset equations for accident sequences. Operations are provided for direct solution of fault trees, for their minimum cutsets, and for Boolean manipulation (merging) of cutset equations. Fault tree linking is also supported.